What is Soap? How to make homemade soap?

Soap Making

People have been making soap for thousands of years. It has found soap recipes that date back to the ancient Romans, Greeks, and Babylonians. The early American colonists handmade soap from wood ashes, water, and the fat of the animals they butchered for food.

how to make soap at homeSoap-making can be an old art with changing history. And it’s not all made the same way. While soap making different ingredients, temperatures, and cure times come into play. If you want to learn how to make soap, first decide which soap-making techniques you are most comfortable using.

What is Soap?

By chemical terminology, soap is a salt: an ionic compound resulting from the neutralization of an acid and a base. Different “soaps” can be found, such as calcium or lithium emulsions used in lubricating grease. We make soaps for personal hygiene with fatty acids, such as animal fats and vegetable oils, combined with an alkaline solution such as lye or potash mixed with water. We call the chemical change ‘Saponification’.

what is soap

Today, many people enjoy making their own soap from scratch. With today’s technology, soap making is easier than ever before and it can be lots of fun. Getting started isn’t as difficult as you might think. Many of the materials you need are items you already have in your home; the rest are readily available online and at craft stores.

Naturally, Environment Conscious People find soap making to be always a rewarding activity since it enables them to rest easy knowing that their products are all-natural, and they created no harmful byproducts in making the soap. Those with sensitive skin can stop searching for specialty products that are often expensive and difficult to find. Many people create a soap to sell at craft fairs and flea markets for extra money. Some people just find soap-making to be fun.

How to make homemade soap?

Are you interested in learning how to make homemade soap? To make homemade soap, you can use a wide range of ingredients. Water, lye, and oil are all on the list, as are optional ingredients like oatmeal and glitter. The ingredients you’ll need for making soap depend on the type of soap you want to make. Some people who make homemade soap stick to the basics and add fragrant oils to put some scents into their soaps. Others use abrasive materials like oatmeal to exfoliate the skin. Here is a list of some usual supplies and ingredients used in making soap and what characteristics they can provide for your soap:

Main Ingredients to Make Homemade Soap

Carrier Oils

The base soap you’ll need depends on the type of soap you’re making. Do you want your soap to be hard? Soft? Sudsy? You can find about the different base oils by reading the labels of commercial soaps you use regularly. You can also sign on to mailing lists and join soap-making groups online; most people who know how to make homemade soap are very willing to share information with others.

The primary physical properties of the soaps are imparted by the carrier oils. We can make soaps that give a good lather using coconut oil, palm oil, castor oil, olive oil, canola oil, or soybean oil and make moisturizing and conditioning soaps. And we can make luxury soaps using cocoa butter, hemp oil, and almond oil. Your soaps will be skin-softening because almond and avocado oils provide skin-softening characteristics. Once you become familiar with the properties each oil imparts, you will recognize what kind of bar a particular recipe will produce.

olive oil soap


Lye is the essential ingredient in making soap if you are using the cold or hot processes. Sodium hydroxide, or lye, is a strong chemical, and handling it requires serious caution. You also need to choose your utensils carefully when dealing with lye – use only wooden and plastic spoons for stirring and bowls made of enamel, plastic, or glass for mixing. Only cold water should be used with lye, and always remember to pour the lye into the water.

You can not make homemade soap bars from scratch without using lye. If, however, you want to skip using lye, you can try using the melt and pour method with pre-made glycerin soap bases.


Another main ingredient in soap making is water. Water is essential to the process. For the best results, use distilled water to create your lye solution. You can also make soap with de-mineralized water.

Other Ingredients

Herbs, flower petals, glitter, colorants, essential oils, and fragrant oils are other ingredients you can use once you’ve learned how to make homemade soap.

Herbs and flower petals can be used to scent your soap, but keep in mind that they can burn if used in hot-processed soap. When used in soaps, some herbs don’t look very appealing. If you want to use herbs in your homemade soap, do your research and find out which herbs can be good for making soap.

soap making supplies

Colorants come in different forms: liquids, powders, and glycerin-based are common. Use these to add color to your soap. However, you also remember that all other ingredients can affect the outcome of your soap color.

Glitter can add a specific punch to your homemade soaps. Use cosmetic-grade glitter; This comes in ultrafine and fine sizes and a wide variety of colors. Do not use glitter made for craft projects on your skin, as it does not mean you used it on your skin.

To give your soaps a therapeutic effect, you can add essential oils and fragrance oils. Some essential oils, such as chamomile, can be rather expensive. It is up to you to add essential oils to your soap. If you want a scent without a therapeutic effect, you can use fragrance oils instead.

Once you’ve learned how to make homemade soap, you’ll need a lot of creativity and imagination to come up with something truly unique. When making your soap, do your research, and do not be afraid to try out new things.

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